Qutub Minar is a minaret that forms part of the Qutb complex, a UNESCO World Heritage Site in the Mehrauli area of Delhi, India. Its design is thought to have been based on theMinaret of Jam, in western Afghanistan. Made of red sandstone and marble, Qutb Minar is a 73-metre (240 feet) tall tapering tower of five storeys, with a 14.3 metre (47 feet) base diameter, reducing to 2.7 metres (9 feet) at the peak. It contains a spiral staircase of 379 steps.
Qutb al-Din Aibak, founder of the Delhi Sultanate, started construction of the Qutub Minar's first storey around 1192. In 1220, Aibak's successor and son-in-law Iltutmishcompleted a further three storeys. In 1369, lightning struck the top storey, destroying it.Firoz Shah Tughlaq replaced the damaged storey, and added one more.
Mil ka pathar, Kos Minar or Milestone
Constructed by Sher Shah Suri and then later during the Mughal era, these structures served as milestones and message transmitters. At times, different instruments were played in them to convey messages from one milestone to another.
Probably the highest quality of carved jade made in Delhi ever known. "This unique wine cup of white nephrite jade was made for the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan (r. 1628-1658) and is inscribed with his title, Second Lord of the Conjunction. This follows the conventions of royal titulature in the Persian-speaking world, and specifically alludes to Timur, the Central Asian ruler from whom the Mughals were descended. It is dated 1067 of the Islamic calendar, and regnal year 31, which means that it was made in 1657 AD. In the 19th century, the cup was owned by Colonel Charles Seton Guthrie (1808-1875), a renowned collector of Mughal and other hardstones." #victoriaandalbert#v &a #mughal#shahjahan#delhi#jade#carving#ashvitas